STATUTE No. 29
APPOINTMENT OF EXAMINERS
(Refer Section 44)

  1.     In this Statute :-
     (i)  "Internal Examiner " means :
         (a) in case of a theory paper , an examiner including a paper setter who is a teacher in a University Teaching
              Department, School of Studies or College maintained by or affiliated to the University.
         (b) In case of practical and viva-voce examination or examiner who is a teacher in the Institutions whose candidates
              are being examined at the examination centre .
      (ii) "External Examiner" means Examiner other than an internal examiner.
      (iii) "Co-examiner" means an examiner in a written paper other than the paper -setter.

  2.   The office of the Registrar shall prepare for every subject an institutionwise list of names of persons qualified for
         appointment as examiners. The list shall be in two parts, the first part containing the names of persons working as
         teachers in the University Teaching Departments, school of Studies or College maintained by or affiliated to the
         University and the second part containing names of persons other than teachers of the University qualified for
         appointment as examiners, whose names shall be obtained by the Registrar 's office from the Universities on its
         own initiative or under the direction of the chairman of the Board of studies concerned.

  3.    The list shall contain , as for as possible, information relating to the persons included therein on the following points,
         namely :-
     (a)   the academic qualifications and teaching experience at degree and postgraduate levels.
     (b)   the field of specialization.
     (c)  the examinations of the University and years in which they have acted as examiners in the past.

  4.    The list so prepared shall be made available to the examination Committee concerned constituted under section 44
          of the Adhiniyam together with the names of persons appointed as Examiners in the University during the two
          preceding years. The Committee may add to the list the names and experience of persons qualified for appointment
          as examiners but not included therein.

  5.    The Registrar's office shall also give the examination Committee the approximate number of candidates expected to
         appear at each examination and the list of centres of each practical / Viva-voce examination together with the
         estimated number of candidates thereat.

  6.    The Examination Committee shall, in the light of the provisions of the following paragraphs, recommend :
        (i)  a panel of three names for the appointment of the paper setter of each written paper,
       (ii)  a list of names of persons for appointment as co-examiners where necessary, the number of names included in
             the list being atleast fifty percent in excess of the number to be appointed,
      (iii)  a list of names of persons for appointment as examiner in each practical / viva-voce examination, the number
             of names included in the list being sufficient for the conduct of practical / Viva-Voce examination at different
             centres.
      (iv)  A panel of three names for appointment as external moderators of each subject/paper.

  7.    The Kulpati shall appoint paper setters, moderators examiner, practical/ Viva-voce examiners ordinarily from
          amongst persons recommended by the Examination Committee. he may, however, appoint a person whose name
          is not included in the list of names recommended by the examination committee if he is satisfied that the person in
          question possesses the minimum qualification and his appointment will not be contrary to the provisions of the
          following paragraphs.

  8.    The qualifications of the paper setters and Co-examiners shall be as follows, namely -

   (A) Paper setter
 

Examination Qualification
(i)  Post-graduate examination in all Faculties other than
      Law.
(i) Experience of teaching the subject at the post-graduate
     level for atleast secen years.           Or
     Experience of  teaching the subject at Pst-graduate level
     for atleast five years together with research experience
     /total teaching experience at the degree and/or post-
      graduate level for atleast ten years.
(ii) LL.M (ii) Master's degree or higher degree in Law and teaching
     experience at LL.M level for atleast seven years.      Or
     Experience as High Court Judge.         Or
     Standing of atleast fifteen years at the Bar.
(iii) Degree examinations in all Faculties (iii) Teaching the subject at Degree and/other than Engg.,
       or Post-graduate level for atleast seven Technology,
       Law, medicine and years.
       Ayurveda.
(iv) Degree examination in all Facilities of Engineering and
      Technology.
(iv) Teaching experience at degree / postgraduate level
       and/or professional experience for atleast seven years.
(v)  Degree examination in the faculty of ayurveda. (v) Teaching experience in the subject at the degree and/or
      post graduate level for atleast five years.
(vi)  LL.B. (vi) Teaching experience of LL.B. and/or LL.M. classes for
       atleast seven years.
                    Or
Judicial experience as District Judge for atleast seven years.
                    Or
Standing of atleast twelve Years at the Bar.
(vii) Diploma examination in all Faculties other than those in
        the Faculty of Medicine and post-graduate Diploma
        examination in Business Administration.
(vii) Teaching experience of atleast three years of Degree
       and five years of Diploma classes.
                      Or
       Ten years professional experience.
(viii)  Diploma examination in the Faculty of Medicine. (viii) A Doctor's or Master's Degree or a postgraduate
        diploma of a recognized University or an equivalent
        qualification in the subject and atleast five years
        teaching experience in the subject in any University or
        College recognized by the Medical Council of India.
(ix) Postgraduate diploma in business administration (ix) Atleast seven years teaching experience at the degree
       level or at least five years Teaching experience of
       Postgraduate / Degree / Diploma classes in the subject.

  (B) Co-examiners
            The qualifications shall be the same as for paper setters but the minimum teaching / professional experience
  required shall be less by two years than that prescribed in case of the paper setter;

                         Provided that in case of degree examination where sufficient number of internal Co-examiners in a subject
   with the aforesaid qualifications is not available, teachers in the University Teaching Department / school of studies and
   college in the University with atleast three years teaching experience at the degree / postgraduate level in the subject shall
   be eligible for appointment as Co-examiners.

  9.   (1)  In case of practical and Viva-Voce examinations at the post-graduate level the external examiner shall be a
               person not below the rank of a Reader.
        (2)   In case of practical and Viva-Voce examinations at the first degree level the external examiner shall be a teacher
               of the subject with not less than three year’s experience of teaching the subject at the degree and /or post-
               graduate level.
        (3)   The internal examiner in case of Viva-Voce examination at the postgraduate level shall be Head of Department
                in the subject in the Institution whose regular candidates are to be examined at the centre and where the Head of
                the Department at not available a teacher of the institution recommneded by the Head of the Institution shall be
                the internal examiner.
        (4)   The internal examiner in case practical examination both at the degree and the post graduate level shall be
                appointed from amongst the teachers of the Institution, whose regular candidates are to be examined at the
                centre, on the recommendation of the Head of such Institution.
        (5)   The external examiner at the post-graduate level in case of a Practical/Viva-Voce examination shall not
                ordinarily be a teacher in a University Teaching Department / School of Studies or College maintained by or
                 affiliated to the University.
        (6)    Except in the Faculties of medicine, Ayurveda. Engineering, Technology, Education and Physical Education all
                external examiners in case of practical examination at the first degree level shall as far as possible be appointed
                from amongst the teachers in any University Teaching Department , School of Studies or College maintained by
                or affiliated to the University .

  10.  (1)  Ordinarily not more than 50 per cent of the paper setters at the post-graduate examination and not more than
                25 percent of the paper setters at the first degree examination in any subject shall be external. All external
                paper setters for the first degree examination and atleast 50 percent of the external paper setters at the
                post-graduate level shall ordinarily be from Madhya-Pradesh.
         (2)   Where in any paper more than one examiner is appointed , the paper setter shall be the Head -examiner.
                 Examiners other than the paper setter shall be the Co-examiners.
         (3)   All Co-examiners shall be internal , provided that if sufficient number of qualified teachers in a subject is not
                 available for appointment as Co-examiners , external Co-examiners may be appointed.
         (4)   For appointment as paper-setter and Co-examiners teachers in the University teaching Department , School of
                studies and College maintained by or affiliated to the University shall be ordinarily considered on the basis of
                seniority , subject to fulfillment of other conditions for such appointment.

  11.  (1) No one shall ordinarily be given more than one theory examinership (paper-setting or Co-examiner-ship). In case
               the Examination Committee considers it necessary to recommend more than one examinership (one for the first
               degree examination and one for the Post-graduate examination) in case of any person, it shall specify its reasons
               for doing so for the consideration of the Kulpati.
         (2)  ordinarily not more than one paper setter shall be appointed from any one University Teaching Department ,
                school of Studies or college in the same subject at any one examination.
         (3)   No one who is a paper-setter at any Postgraduate examination shall be appointed as an external viva-voce
                 examiner at that examination.
         (4)   No one shall Ordinarily be given more than two external practical examinerships provided that in case of centre
                 where the total strength of candidates appearing at the part I, II and III of a first degree examination is less than
                 120, one external examiner may be appointed for all the three examinations.
         (5)   In case of under graduate practical examinations one external examiner shall not ordinarily examine more than
                120 candidates.
         (6)   In case of written examination , an examiner shall not ordinarily value more than 250 scripts and a Co-examiner
                 shall be appointed if the number of candidates appearing in the paper is more than 200.
         (7)  While recommending names for examinership in faculties where English is not the sole medium of examination
                 the Examination Committee shall ensure that the examiners recommended can value the scripts written in Hindi.
         (8)   The provisions of sub-paragraph (1) and (2) above shall not apply in case of examinations in the Faculties of
                Engineering , Technology , Education , Physical Education ,Medicine and ayurveda.

  12.  (1) Examiners shall be appointed for the examination of one year only , but they shall be eligible for Re-appointment.
         (2) Any person who has acted as an examiner( paper setter, Co-examiner or external Viva-Voice examiner) for
              three consecutive years shall, ordinarily, not be eligible for Re-appointment until a period of one year elapses
              between the year in which he last acted as an examiner and the year in which he is Re-appointed.

                            Provided that such a gap will not be a necessary in case of internal examiners if the number of eligible
   examiners in the subject concerned is less than the number of internal examiners required;

                            Provided also that on the recommendation of the Examination Committee a specialist or expert may be
   continued for two years more after the expiry of the three years period without a gap.
         (3) An examiner may be discontinued any time even before the expiry of the three years period if his work is found
               Unsatisfactory. An examiner's work shall be deemed to be unsatisfactory if
                (i) mistakes of such nature are found in his work in the course of checking and scrutiny which affect the result or
                (ii) he is found by the Executive Council to have delayed the work without good cause or
                (iii) there is an adverse report from the Head Examiner ; or
                (iv) in the opinion of the executive council there are reasonable doubts about his integrity or suspicion that he is
                      accessible to examines or their relations and
                (v)  if there are serious complaints against his paper e.g. that his paper was much above or below the standard
                      or contained questions outside the prescribed course.

  13.  (1)  In a paper for which there is only one examiner, he shall set the paper and value the answer -books received by
                him.
         (2)  In a paper for which more than one examiner has been appointed the Head-examiner shall :-
                    (i) Set the paper:
                    (ii) forward a memorandum of instructions for the guidance of the co-examiners to secure conformity with
                         his own standard in the valuation of the answer-books by his Co-examiners;
                   (iii) forward to each co-examiner at least five answer-books duly marked by him to serve as models;
                   (iv) take care to see that the model answer-books shall as for as possible , be representative of all grades of
                         candidates, i.e. , failure and third , second and first division;
                   (v) assign duties to the deputy head examiners , if there be any ;
                   (vi) value such number of answer-books as may be allotted to him;
                   (vii) examine the test instalments of answer-books received from the Co-examiners in accordance with the
                          succeeding sub-para and convey his approval of the marking or issue such instructions as may be
                          necessary to secure uniform standard in valuation.
                  (viii) report to the Registrar on the work of the Co-examiner and state whether he has observed the
                          instructions received from the head Examiner.

         (3)   A Deputy Head Examiner shall act Co-examiner in relation to the head-Examiner and perform the function of
                 the head examiner with respect to the Co-examiners that may be allotted to him. He shall , however, forward
                 a copy of the memorandum which he received from the Head Examiner to each of his Co-examiners. Where
                 the number of Co-examiners is more than six, a Deputy head Examiner shall be appointed.

         (4)  (i)   The Head Examiner shall , as soon as may be forward to his Co-examiners a memorandum of instructions
                      and within three days from the date on which he receives scripts forward to each Co-examiner model
                      scripts as provided for in clause (iii) of sub-para (2) above.
               (ii)    A Co-examiner shall, on receipt of the memorandum of instructions start valuation of the answer books
                       allotted to him. He shall within two days from the day of the receipt of model answer-books from the Head
                       Examiner, send to the Head Examiner the first test instalment of ten marked answer-books for Re-
                       examination. The Co-examiner shall continue his valuation work; but shall adjust his valuation according to
                        the standard set by the Head examiner.
               (iii)     The Co-examiner shall forward to the Head examiner a further instalment of five answer-books.
               (iv)     the Co-examiner shall Comply with all instructions given to him by the Head examiner.
               (v)      In case the Co-examiner dose not receive the memorandum of instructions within a week of the date of
                         examination , from the Head examiner under intimation to the Registrar. If the Head examiner dose not
                         receive the first test instalment and subsequent instalment of answer-books, each in due time, he shall
                         remind the Co-examiner concerned telegraphically under intimation to the Registrar.

         (5)  The Head Examiner, the deputy Head Examiner, if any and every Co-examiner shall carry out all the instructions
                received by them from the University in the matter of receipt ,custody and despatch of answer books, their
                valuation and all other matters incorporated in the instructions.

        (6)   Not withstanding the provision of the sub-para (2) (5) above where the Academic Council so decides , in case
                of paper where for more than one examiner is required the paper setter shall draw up and send detailed
                memorandum of instructions regarding valuation of answer -books including solution of numerical question of
                instructions alongwith the question paper set by him. The detail memorandum of instruction, moderated if
                necessary by the External moderator shall be sent by the external moderator shall be sent by the University to
                all examiners in the paper . All examiners shall value the answer books allotted to them strictly in accordance
                with the instructions contained in the memorandum of instructions. There shall be no exchange of model
                answerbooks and instalments of marked answerbooks between the paper setter and other examiners.

  14.    If for any reason an examiner becomes unable to value the answer-books or to perform the duties of the Head-
           Examiner, after setting the question paper, he shall be entitled to receive only one half of the amount of fees for
          paper setting, the balance being payable to the examiner who values the answer books or acts as Head Examiner.
       
                             Provided that if the paper setter his dies before he is able to take up or complete the valuation of
  answer-books , full fee prescribed for paper setting shall be paid to the heirs of such paper-setter.

  15.  Even though a paper setter for any examination is not utilised in that year , the paper setter shall be entitled to receive
         the full fee for setting the paper.

  16.   In case of examination, where the ordinance provide for a Second/ supplementar examination the paper setter may
          be required to set two papers any one of which may be used for the main examination . The second being used for
          the Second / supplementary examination The paper setter shall be an examiner at both the Main and the second
          Supplementary Examinations. The other examinerships may go to other qualified teachers who could not be
          provided with theory examinership at the Main examination.

  17.   (1)   In any subject, if a Viva-Voce examination is prescribed, it be conducted by a Board of two examiners of
                  whom one shall be an external examiner and the other internal.
          (2)   Except in the case of M.Sc.( previous) examination in Chemistry , there shall be a Board consisting of two
                  examiners, one internal and the other an examiner for conducting the practical examination in each subject or
                  in each special branch of the subject as the case may be .
          (3)   In the case of M.Sc. (previous) Examination in Chemistry , the Board shall consist of three examiners, of whom
                  one shall be internal examiner and two shall be external examiners. The Board shall be so constituted as to
                  represent all the three branches of Chemistry ; namely, Inorganic; Organic and Physical.

  Note:- In the case of Viva-Voce for LL.M. (final) will be two external examiners and one internal examiner.

  18.  In the case of subjects M.A, M.Sc., M.Com., and M.Ed. Examination where thesis ( Dissertation is permissible in
         lieu of a paper there will be an External examiner for reading the thesis , for assessing the manuscript of dissertation
         the emphasis should be laid on Methodology , research tools used , language , style , comprehensive and Logical
         of the subject the extent of field work which relevant literature has been read and intelligently used , the contribution
          made to the understanding of the subjects and the marking should be done accordingly.

  19.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing paragraph :-
          (a) the examination in written papers and the practical and oral and clinical or sessional test, in each subject or
                group of subjects for an examination in the Faculty of medicine shall be conducted by a Board of two or four
                examiners, one or two, as the case may be , of whom shall be external examiner/ (s) and the other /s internal
                examiner/(s).
          (b) there shall be a board consisting of four examiners of whom two shall be internal and external in each of the
                 subjects for the M.D./M.S. examination for written papers , and the practical and oral and clinical tests. All the
                 post graduate teachers with the rank of readers and above and with five years post graduate teaching
                 experience are eligible to be appointed as internal examiner in their subject . The Head of the Department shall
                ordinarily be one of the examiners. The second internal examiner shall rotate after every two years.
           (c) In the faculty of Medicine , no person shall ordinarily be appointed as an examiner in any subject unless he has
                 taken at least five years previously a Doctors or Master's Degree or a Post graduate Diploma of a recognized
                 University or an equivalent qualification , and thereafter has had atleast five years teaching experience in the
                 subject in a University or an affiliated college of a University recognized by the Medical Council of India In
                 each subject there shall be at least one internal examiner (the Head of the Department ).
           (d) The internal paper setter for examination in each subject in the Faculty of medicine shall be appointed by
                 rotation from amongst the Heads of Departments of the Medical College affiliated to the University. if there is
                 only one medical college and the head of the Department cannot be an examiner, the next senior most teacher
                 in the subject shall be the internal paper setter and examiner.

  20.   Ordinarily the external examiner of the Board shall be the Chairman of the Board concerned , The marks shall be
          submitted under the signatures of all the members of the Board concerned but the report on the working of the
          examination, the equipment of laboratories , and thesis , shall be submitted by the external examiner of each board
          under his signature only.

  21.   In case of an examination for a research degree , the examination Committee shall recommend for each thesis to be
          examined by a panel af atleast six names of persons who :
         (a) posses a research degree in the subject and atleast ten years teaching experience at the postgraduate level,
                                                                      Or
         (b) are scholars of repute in the subject.

  22.  (i)  No person shall act as paper setter on examiner either in theory, Viva-Voice or practical examination if any of
              his relations is taking the examination, provided that this provision shall not debar a person from acting as an
              examiner for practical at a centre other than one at which his relation is appearing.
         (ii)  No person shall act as a moderator or tabulator for any examination if any of his relations is appearing /has
               appeared at that examination.