Rewa being in the near equatorial region, is potentially important for recording and analysis of space data – an extremely important scientific information which is useful in the field of Space Science in general and Space Weather in particular, considering this prominent feature, A.P.S. University, Rewa initiated the step to launch research/teaching activities in this pertinent area of Science and Technology. After due approval from University Grants Commission, New Delhi during the first phase of IV plan i.e., in the year 1975, the seedling was sown in the form of Vikram Space Physics Center in the University premises. 18NM64 Super Neutron Monitor facility was established under the astute leadership of Late Prof. S.P. Agrawal – a Ph.D. student of noted & eminent Scientist Prof. U.R Rao to record /analyze space data. This center gradually augured and ultimately this nucleus transformed into full-fledged Physics Department in the year 1982. Late Prof. R.L Singh, Prof. S.K.Nigam, Prof. D.P. Tiwari and Dr. V.N. Pandey joined the department to groom the aspiring students. It is worth mentioning here that Prof. S.P.Agrawal and Prof. S.K. Nigam served as acting Vice-Chancellor of this University and Prof. R.L. Singh as Vice-chancellor of G.G.D. University, Bilaspur. With the induction of Prof. A.P. Mishra and Prof. S.L. Agrawal in this department in 1990, research activities augured in the field of Space Science and Materials Science respectively. Prof Ajay Saxena joined in 1996 to give pace to teaching activities.
At the terminal end of XI five-year plan, this department has acquired advanced instruments like Powder XRD, SEM etc. The department offers MSc Physics and PhD Physics Programmes. Over 120 students have been awarded Ph.D. degree since inception and presently a number of students are engaged in Ph.D. Programme. Around 400 research publications are the outcome of Ph.D. Programme with the help of existing facilities during the last four decades.
This department has also been recognized as Center of Excellence by the Department of Higher Education, M.P. State Government in 2014. Three major and five minor research projects funded by UGC, CSIR, MPCST and Space Department, Government of India have been completed in the Department. The alumni of the Department occupied prestigious positions in different organizations like National Meteorological Lab, BARC and National Electronics Organization. Space Physics and Materials Science are the major area of research.